Friday, August 19th, 2022

India does not need a population policy.

India’s experimentations with fertility control programs go all the way back to the period preceding its Independence. In fact, it was one of the first countries to introduce an official program of birth control. India intended to reduce the rate of population growth. But to this day the relative population size and fertility rates remain a contentious issue in electoral politics. 

A Population Regulation Bill, proposing to introduce a two-child policy per couple, was introduced in the Rajya Sabha. BJP MP Rakesh Sinha introduced the bill. However, the Bill was withdrawn with the intervention of the Union health minister Mansukh Mandaviya. Mandaviya argued that NHFS and census data show the positive impact of government-led awareness campaigns; Rather than the force on indicators such as the Total Fertility Rate (TFR).  

Experts too agree that at this juncture there is no requirement for a population control bill or any policy.  

Experts too agree that at this juncture there is no requirement for a population control bill or any policy. That enforces a fixed number of children a couple can have. Whatever goals that the latest population policy, NPP 2000, had set have been achieved and the fertility level everywhere is going down. “If you take the case of Tamil Nadu, the fertility levels there are well below replacement levels for the last 10-12 years. Its population is going to decline from 2031. Kerala’s population will also decline soon after.  

The Western gaze and early experiments with population control. The idea that the population of the Indian subcontinent was a problem emerged only in the third decade of the 20th century. Much of the time the British were in control. Right up till the 1860s and 70s, they often took the view that there were not enough people,”  

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