Monday, November 28th, 2022

Women Who Overturn Gender Norms Face More Violence In Marriage

Women whose economic status equals or exceeds that of their husbands are more likely to face domestic violence. A recent study has found. The study also finds causal evidence that such women have a more assertive role in decision-making. And men use violence to re-establish the patriarchal power balance. 

Married women are 14% more likely to face domestic violence if they go against the convention of hypergamy. The idea that women seek to marry men of higher social stature–when compared to women in hypergamous marriages. A working paper by researchers from the University of Nottingham, UK, and the Indian Institute of Technology, Hyderabad said. The results hold for married couples across socioeconomic backgrounds–caste, class, age, and area of residence.  

The percentage of women in non-hypergamous marriages is 22.  

The percentage of women in non-hypergamous marriages is 22%. According to the authors’ analysis of data from the National Family Health Survey 2015-16 (NFHS-4). Domestic violence has become the most common form of abuse inflicted on women. It affects one in three women globally, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). The current study analyzed the NFHS-4 data and responses of 65,806 women aged 15-49 to queries regarding violence. It found that 27% had dealt with physical violence in the 12 months preceding the survey, 5% with sexual violence, 11% with emotional violence, and 25% with any violence. This implies that various programs that aim at empowering women economically are not necessarily ensuring their well-being. Policies on gender equality must be accompanied by enforceable legislation and interventions, the study said. 

Across populations, geography 

In the last four decades in India, the percentage of men with a better education than their wives has dipped from over 90% to around 60%. And the percentage of women with a better education than their husbands has risen from under 10% to over 30%. 

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