Monday, October 18th, 2021

India and Japan held their sixth Maritime Affairs Dialogue in a virtual mode on September 10, 2021

The discussion included updates on regional cooperation initiatives, the maritime security situation, and potential for cooperation between the two countries in the Indo-Pacific region.

Background

In 2013, the first round of India-Japan maritime conversation was held in New Delhi. Both countries inked an Acquisition and Cross-Serving Agreement during the first round of talks. This agreement permits access to each other’s military bases.

Through this arrangement, India has access to the Japanese facility in Djibouti, and the Japanese Navy has access to the Indian Naval base in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

India-Japan Maritime Exercise JIMEX, which stands for Japan-India Maritime Exercise, was also held by India and Japan. It is held once a year.

Maritime Cooperation between India and Japan

Both countries have overlapping interests in maritime security. They rely on seaborne trade to keep their economies afloat. As a result, in light of the South China Sea, it is critical to collaborate for commercial security. Countries have stated that a peaceful manner of unilateral action is essential to resolve the regional problem.

Relations between India and Japan

In 2014, India and Japan elevated their connection to a “Special Strategic and Global Partnership.” The Mumbai-Ahmedabad High Speed Railway (MAHSR) is an important area of collaboration between the two countries in the railway sector. The India-Japan Digital Partnership was launched in 2018 to strengthen current areas of collaboration and initiatives within the ambit of science and technology cooperation.

Interests in Common

The G-4 grouping includes India and Japan as members. They conduct naval exercises, mil-to-military exercises, coast guard exercises, and air force exercises on a regular basis. Because of China’s maritime supremacy, both countries face issues in the marine domain. They want the Indo-Pacific to be a multipolar, free, open, and inclusive zone.

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